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Disability is when a loss or reduction in any physical or psychological function results in a partial or total inability to perform any bodily or mental functions in a manner or within the range considered normal for a human being. Within the range of disabilities, mental challenges are felt as one of the serious problems affecting the family economically and emotionally. Kudumbashree initiated the Disability Mainstreaming Program namely Buds. To avoid the sin of labeling and stigmatizing towards the mentally challenged, the school was named as “BUDs”. The first BUDS institution was started at Venganoor Panchayat in 2004.

With the policy focus on inclusive and integrated education more and more mentally challenged children began to enroll in government schools. This has provided the mentally challenged children an opportunity for schooling in an inclusive atmosphere where they can learn upto the age of 18. However there was no institution to take care of the mentally challenged above the age of 18 especially in rural areas which became another problem and issue for the family. The neighborhood groups began to demand for day care and training for mentally challenged adult persons within the local areas. The panchayats also demanded for such an initiative. It was in these circumstances that Kudumbashree mission came up with the concept of BRC and the Government of Kerala approved the proposal. Thus Kudumbashree decided to focus also on post school age group. The Government of Kerala accordingly approved the innovative model. Thus in 2015 BUDs Rehabilitation Center was formed. The centre focuses on the rehabilitation, training and day care of these mentally challenged persons.

BUDS - BRC ENROLLMENT - UP TO AUGUST - 2020
Sl.No DISTRICT BUDS OLD BUDS NEW TOTAL BUDS BRC OLD BRC NEW TOTAL BRC G.TOTAL BUDS INSTITUTIONS ENROLLMENT ABOVE 18 ENROLLMENT BELOW 18 BUDS TOTAL ENROLLMENT BUDS ENROLLMENT ABOVE 18 BRC ENROLLMENT BELOW 18 BRC TOTAL ENROLLMENT BRC G. TOTAL (ENROLLMENT)
1 Thiruvanathapuram 3 5 8 27 2 29 37 151 102 253 698 150 848 1101
2 Kollam 4 9 13 12 3 15 28 138 267 405 375 34 409 814
3 Pathanamthitta 0 2 2 2 3 5 7 5 30 35 147 36 183 218
4 Alappuzha 7 2 9 9 2 11 20 217 177 394 235 20 255 649
5 Kottayam 0 1 1 1 0 1 2 10 15 25 31 8 39 64
6 Idukki 1 0 1 1 0 1 2 31 15 46 24 21 45 91
7 Ernakulam 17 5 22 10 4 14 36 600 200 800 291 29 320 1120
8 Thrissur 2 3 5 6 1 7 12 100 45 145 139 56 195 340
9 Palakkad 2 5 7 6 13 19 26 67 92 159 328 152 480 639
10 Malappuram 9 6 15 9 15 24 39 287 395 682 493 206 699 1381
11 Kozhikode 12 13 25 10 2 12 37 347 437 784 287 31 318 1102
12 Wayanad 1 5 6 2 3 5 11 34 85 119 89 0 89 208
13 Kannur 14 3 17 6 1 7 24 378 268 646 137 10 147 793
14 Kasaragod 7 2 9 2 1 3 12 203 166 369 81 32 113 482
  TOTAL 79 61 140 103 50 153 293 2568 2294 4862 3355 785 4140 9002